Springfield is a city in Lane County, Oregon, United
States. Located in the Southern Willamette Valley, it is within the
Eugene-Springfield Metropolitan Statistical Area. Separated from Eugene to the
west, mainly by Interstate 5, Springfield is the second-most populous city in
the metropolitan area after Eugene. As of the 2010 census, the city has a total
population of 59,403.
The Briggs family first settled the Springfield area, arriving in 1848. The community was incorporated as a city in 1885. The city was named after a natural spring located in a field or prairie within the current city boundaries. For the majority of the 20th century the economy of Springfield was largely dependent on the Oregon timber industry, but since the 1990s the economy has diversified with PeaceHealth now the largest employer in the city. Public education in the city is provided by the Springfield School District.